The project aims to design and implement a E-bus prepaid smart card system which is a simple way to travel . The smart card carries electronic money instead of cash and it is rechargeable. A smart card reader is available on buses which is located at the entrance door of the bus. The main part of the project is PIC microcontroller to which all the modules necessary for this project are interfaced. IR sensor is also interfaced to the microcontroller and the count of the persons can be taken. The smart card reader displays all the information of the journeys.
A smart card, chip card, or integrated circuit card (ICC), is any pocket-sized card with embedded integrated circuits. A smart card or microprocessor cards contain volatile memory and microprocessor components. The card is made of plastic, generally polyvinyl chloride, but sometimes acrylonitrile butadiene styrene or polycarbonate. Smart cards may also provide strong security authentication for single sign-on (SSO) within large organizations. Smart cards can provide identification, authentication, data storage and application processing .