SIMPLE DELAY TIMER FOR ONE MINUTE


timer









Today I am going to present you a Simple Transistorized one Minute Delay Timer Circuit. It doesn’t include any complex or critical parts. You can use this circuit to generate a time delay of about one minute. That is, When you press the switch (Push button type is preferred) the LED turns ON and it prolongs for a 1 minute time.


CIRCUIT DIAGRAM


Delay timer circuit diagram



COMPONENTS REQUIRED


Components Rating Quantity
Transistor BC107 1
Resistors 100K 2
56K 1
Capacitor 47uF 1
LED 1
Battery 6V 1
Push Button Switch 1





WORKING PRINCIPLE OF DELAY TIMER


By pressing the switch, the capacitor starts charging towards 0V through the 100K resistors and at the time of release, the capacitor discharges the stored charge through the 56K resistor. This makes the NPN transistor forward biased and it appears as a closed circuit for the LED and battery. That makes the LED to glow. The 1K resistor is used as current limiting, for the protection of LED. It is possible to use a relay instead of LED, to control external devices. The circuit remains ON till the discharging of capacitor made completed.
delay timer on breadboard









We can increase the time duration (delay) of this circuit by reducing the value of Capacitor, after increasing the value of resistors. OR, use an  NPNDarlington Pair instead of transistor, as shown in figure given below:-



advanced darlington pair circuit diagram delay timer



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