Posted by Tittu Thomas , 7/25/2013
After a short time off, I am back with a simple object/visitor detecting and counting circuit, dedicated to all electronics hobbiests. This project counts how many objects or persons passed through its field of visibility. In order to keep the circuit simple, it is implemented with a single digit seven segment display, so it can count only up to 9. It is also possible to extend the count by interfacing more seven segment display and its driver IC’s (CD4033). This simple electronics project mainly consists of two sections
1. Transmitter Section
2. Receiver Section
The Transmitter Section
It consists of only an ordinary LED and a 3V battery. By wiring it correctly the LED glows. Mount the battery inside a case, by protruding the led out of it. This will function as the transmitter. You can even use a laser, flash light or any other light source for longer range.
Circuit Diagram of Transmitter
The Receiver Section
The receiver mainly consists of an LDR(Light Dependent Resistor), CD4033 IC, a common cathode 7 segment display and a 6v battery to power the circuit.
Circuit Diagram of Simple Object Counter
The Light Dependent Resistor (LDR) lowers its resistivity when light falls on it. This makes the NPN transistor (SL 100) to be forward biased. The voltage or current from the collector terminal is feed to the BCD to 7 segment counter IC, CD4033. This IC is capable of driving common cathode seven segment display. The count can be incremented by giving a positive voltage to its clock input or by any suitable electromagnetic radiation to its clock pin (Pin1).
Align the transmitter LED and Receiver LDR closely, keeping a space to pass the objects to be counted. Now, switch on the circuit, the 7 segment display may show zero initially if the wiring is made correctly. Just interrupt the direct falling of light from led to the ldr, by passing any suitable opaque objects in between the transmitter and receiver. Then you can see the counter increments and counting the number of objects passed!!